What is Frozen shoulder?
It is also known as adhesive capsulitis. It causes the capsular structures around your joint to become inflammed and rigid. This leads to a painful and stiff shoulder. This reduces your over-all range of movement around shoulder.
Signs and symptoms typically begin gradually, worsen over time and then resolve, usually within 1 to 3 years.
Why does it happen?
- Increasing age
- Associated co-morbidities- esp. Diabetes, Hypothyroidism
- Any trauma around shoulder that prevents you from moving your arm
- Any medical/surgical condition that limits movement around shoulder(immobilisation)
What is the treatment
- Oral pain-killers along with Physiotherapy - pendulum/range-of-motion exercises to improve shoulder movement arc.
- Intra-articular corticosteroid injections
- In some moderate-to-severe cases- arthroscopic capsular release is required to loosen the rigid capsule.
Arthroscopic capsular release for inflamed capsule in frozen shoulder